We reviewed ten mental disorders or psychopathology that are experienced with great distress.
Mental disorders are diagnosed relatively frequently in our day. Everyone has heard of any pathology related to mental health.
In fact, these mental (or mental illness) disorders have their origin in neurological and psychological disorders that in turn cause abnormal behavior in affected individuals.
Mental Illness: From the common to the bizarre
Most disorders are related to a specific area of the brain or nervous system, although the causes of each may vary and even be unknown to the scientific community.
Mental illness affects a lot of people. In statistical terms, there is talk that a third of the population suffer some form of mental disorder during their lifetime.
Then I will reveal a list containing some of the most severe mental disorders.
10. Antisocial personality disorder
The person suffering from this disorder is characterized by its tendency to interact in society, avoiding any interaction.
The various symptoms and behaviors that characterize the ASPD include: theft, aggression, tendency to loneliness, violence, lies … In addition, people affected by ASPD tend to be shy, depressed and have social anxiety. This last point is due to their fear of being rejected. However, psychological therapy is very effective in handling the problems of antisocial disorder.
9. Stockholm Syndrome
Stockholm Syndrome is a relatively common mental disorder in people who have been victims of a kidnapping. Show some kind of positive feeling toward their captors.
International police records show that about 27% of the victims of kidnappings have this disorder.
Stockholm Syndrome also applies in cases such as child abuse, rape or abuse. It is not a disorder that is alive so distressing, but much attention because it is difficult to understand.
8. Syndrome Lima
Lima Syndrome is precisely the opposite of Stockholm Syndrome disorder. In this case, the kidnappers show sympathy for his hostage.
This disorder was coined after an incident that occurred in the capital of Peru in 1996. The MRTA kidnapped hundreds of politicians, diplomats and military in the Japanese embassy in Lima. Hours later, the kidnappers were empathizing with the hostages, and were gradually releasing them.
7. Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent thoughts that produce fear, anxiety, worry, compulsive behavior, etc.
Some of the symptoms of OCD are compulsive checking, washing or cleaning excessively, religious thoughts, nervous rituals such as opening the doors a certain number of times before entering the room, or irrational aversions to certain figures. Fortunately, psychotherapy and learn some habits allow a great quality of life to those affected.
Dyslexia is a learning disorder. The dyslexic person can not read properly due to the discrepancy between the potential of learning and performance level, without there being any problems, whether sensory, physical, motor or educational deficiency. This causes certain imbalances in reading which in turn can cause other psychopathologies of learning and self-image.
As a result, people affected by dyslexia have serious problems reading comprehension. Fortunately, in our time intervention and treatment offer many guarantees to deal with this disorder and arrival adulthood, a large majority of dyslexics have no problem to write correctly.
Selective mutism is a psychiatric disorder that causes the person is not able to speak in certain social or with certain people. Usually, selective mutism is associated with shyness and social anxiety.
It is relatively common in children. When they start their schooling, some do not utter a word, although fluent in their homes. Only continuity in time of this behavior can alarm us a case of MS. In most cases, the symptoms disappear gradually.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder caused by an abnormality in cognitive processes and by poor emotional response. The victim suffers from abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. Commonly this condition as that in which the affected person hears many voices in his head are known, and these voices perceived as foreign to your body. These symptoms may occur or may not occur. General symptoms of the picture, however, often a language and disorganized thinking, delusions, hallucinations (within which they could refer the famous ‘voices’), affective disorders and inappropriate behavior.
Although it has been a vastly studied disorder, it is still considered a complex disorder with a great amalgam of symptoms. Psychiatric and psychological treatment has shown great efficacy in controlling this disorder.
3. Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder or Multiple Personality Disorder is a disorder of identity. The person affected by this disorder develops a personality and shows different behaviors and behaviors in different situations. It is often said that people change their behavior radically TID and then not remember that episode. It is one of the disorders which affected live more concern, as well as one of the most controversial in the scientific community because of the difficulty of psychometric devices to diagnose and lack of effective treatment. Anyway, in recent years there have been important steps in improving treatments.
2. Self-harm / suicide
The person suffering from this mental disorder tries to kill himself (or trying to get attention because these behaviors). These behaviors include cutting your hands or arms, burning, etc.
In this type of mental disorder, the person tries to self-harm or even suicide. Usually, this behavior may be motivated not achieve death, but in some kind of care they receive to show this behavior, which refers to a disorder that is often severe background.
1. Cotard syndrome
In this rare psychiatric disorder, the affected believed to have died, or has lost blood or an internal organ. This delirium can be dangerous because the deranged can act unpredictably. Often these behaviors are associated with nihilists and hypochondria cal personalities.
Cotard syndrome is named after Jules Cotard, who was the first doctor who diagnosed this strange condition. He described the different phases of the disorder in a letter written in Paris in the 1880 thesis.
People affected by the syndrome Cotard refuse social contact and neglect their personal well-being. Its cause often lies in neurological or mental pathologies, and is associated with derealization and depression.